Azerbaijani Tar Originated in Persian Tar

Some try to separate Azerbaijani culture from Persian culture by labeling it as a sub-Turkish culture. While the point is that Turkish and Persian cultures have also many things in common, Azerbaijani culture is more related to Persian than Turkish one.

Azerbaijani people like Persians celebrate Nowruz (Persian new year celebration) and their music modal system, known as mugam, is just the Azerbaijani version of Persian modal system known as dastgah. Mohammad Reza Darvishi, researcher of Persian regional music, in his famous book, Encyclopedia of the Musical Instruments of Iran, p. 267 writes: “Mugham system in the music of Azerbaijan, is very similar to the Persian dastgah system and both systems have the same root. More precisely Azerbaijani mugham music is the Azerbaijani version of Persian dastgah music.”

In fact Azerbaijani mugam is less related to Turkish Makam than Persian dastgah. Perhaps there is no need to explain that why Azeri music instrument Kamancha performed in Azerbaijan is just the Azeri version of Persian kamancheh. Kaman in Persian language means bow and “cheh” is Persian diminutive suffix. Balaban is also a Persian instrument since the word “balaban” is the combination of “ba”, “lab” and “an” that respectively means “with”, “lib”, and “the sign of plural form in Persian language”. Ghaval also known as daf, the Azeri frame drum, is just the Azeri version of dayereh, ancient Persian frame drum. The historical facts show that Azeri Tar was invented by Sadigjan, Azeri musician, using Persian Tar. The cultural links between Azerbaijani and Persian culture is so deep that one cannot separate them from each other. More information can be found in the following articles:

Kamancheh.

Mugham Music.

Sadigjan: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sadigjan

Parham Nasehpour Tar Setar Kamancheh Player: http://www.parhamnassehpoor.com/

Resource of the picture: http://www.santoori.com/

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