Some try to separate Azeri culture from Persian culture by labeling it Turkish (What is sad is that Turkish and Persian cultures have also many things in common). The fact is that Azeri culture is more related to Persian culture than any other cultures. Azerbaijani people like Persians celebrate Nowruz (Persian new year celebration) and their music modal system, known as mugam, is just Azeri version of Persian modal system known as dastgah. Mohammad Reza Darvishi, researcher of Persian regional music, in his famous book, Encyclopedia of the Musical Instruments of Iran, p. 267 writes: “Mugham system in the music of Azerbaijan, is very similar to the Persian dastgah system and both systems have the same root. More precisely Azerbaijani mugham music is the Azerbaijani version of Persian dastgah music.” In fact Turkish Makam is less related to Azeri Mugham than Persian dastgah.
Some notes about Azeri music instruments
Balaban is also a Persian instrument since the word “balaban” is the combination of “ba”, “lab” and “an” that respectively means “with”, “lib” and “the sign of plural form in Persian language”.
Ghaval also known as daf, the Azeri frame drum, is just the Azeri version of dayereh, ancient Persian frame drum.
Azeri Tar was invented by Sadigjan, Azeri musician, using Persian Tar. The cultural links between Azerbaijani and Persian culture is so deep that one cannot separate them from each other.
More information can be found in the following articles:
Mugham Music: http://nasehpour.tripod.com/peyman/id125.html
Resource of the picture: http://www.santoori.com/